Though the Sufi thought has no recorded origins in terms of space or time where and when it originated, it is mostly believed to be rooted in the classical traditions of Islamic mysticism as developed in Arabia and Iran in the ninth and eleventh centuries. In India, Sufism found wide acceptance, especially in Punjab.
The core of Sufi thought is for each being to be "in the world, but not of it". To be free from all material aspirations and to to achieve a spiritual experience of intensity and immediacy that transcends conscious striving. Over the centuries, this practice has engendered a vast corpus of poetry articulating the mystical experience and the experience of the mystics.
The dotara (or dotar), literally, 'Of or having two wires') is a two, four, or sometimes five-stringed musical instrument resembling a sarod. It is commonly used in Assam, Bangladesh, West Bengal & Bihar, and dates from the 15th-16th century when it was adopted by the ascetic cults of Bauls and Fakirs.
The equivalent as a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute is found in Central Asia as dutar.
The dotara is one of the most important instruments used in various genres of folk music in Bengal. It has two main forms, the bangla and the bhawaiya. The bangla form originated in the Rahr Bangla region, where it is still predominantly played. It has metal strings, which give it a brighter tone than other instruments played in the area. Although a dotara can have 4-5 strings, most playing is done primarily on two strings, hence the name.
Teejan Bai (born 24 April 1956) is an exponent of Pandavani, a traditional performing art form, from Chhattisgarh, in which she enacts tales from the Mahabharata, with musical accompaniments.
She has been awarded the Padma Shri in 1987, and Padma Bhushan in 2003 by Government of India, besides 1995 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1995, given by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama.
Teejan Bai was born in Ganiyari village, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) north of Bhilai, to Chunuk Lal Pardhi and his wife Sukhwati. She belongs to the Pardhi Scheduled Tribe of Chhattisgarh state.
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