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Morsing/Morchang

Morsing/Morchang

Morsing is an Indian mouth harp widely used in Carnatic and Rajastani folk music. It is a wind percussion instrument consisting of a metal ring in the shape of a horseshoe with two parallel forks which form the frame, and a metal tongue in the middle, between the forks, fixed to the ring at one end and free to vibrate at the other. The metal tongue is bent at the free end in a plane perpendicular to the circular ring so that it can be struck and is made to vibrate. This bent part is called the trigger.

Though its exact origin in India is not well documented it is stated to be 1500 years old.It is found mainly in South India, Rajasthan and also in some parts of Assam. It is also used while playing Rabindrasangeet in Bengal and in Assamese folk songs. In South India, it features in Carnatic concerts and percussion ensembles. It is said to be the percursor to subsequent instruments such as the harmonica and the harmonium.In Rajasthan it is called morchang and is used as a percussion instrument in folk music.